After almost five years of war, there has been renewed diplomatic activity to find an end to the conflict in Syria. While any quick resolution seems unlikely given the extent of fragmentation of parties to the conflict at the Syrian, regional and international levels, broad parameters for a peace process have been agreed at the international negotiations in Vienna. The fact that the agreement is broadly endorsed by a wide range of countries in the International Syria Support Group (ISSG) is unprecedented and gives it a certain foundation. The UN Security Council confirmed the agreements in its resolution 2254 of 18 December 2015. While there is a lot of doubt if this peace process will succeed, at least it currently helps shape the diplomatic process.