Political parties and fragmented Media
The media sources shared by political parties in NRW rarely intersected. Die Welt and WDR seemed to enjoy the broadest support among the main parties. The AfD’s account, @AlternativeNRW, was often alone in the type of media it shared the most, with right-leaning sites like Junge Freiheit and Tichys EinBlick or right-wing, anti-Islam blogs like Philosopphia Perennis.
Questioning electoral integrity
Leading up to the NRW election, supporters of the AfD used social media to cast doubts on the electoral process, alleging a serious risk of electoral fraud. This was often couched in calls for AfD supporters to volunteer as election observers for the party, which is permitted by the electoral law. Calls were often alarmist also asking for the deployment of requests as early as August 2016 for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to monitor the polls in the state elections.