available languages: english May 15, 2016


The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, passed unanimously by the National Assembly, introduces important positive electoral reforms to address long-standing problems which caused structural weaknesses in the functioning of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) and its head, the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC). To become law, the amendment requires approval by two-thirds of the Senate within 90 days of the bill’s introduction.

The present paper delivers a summary and analysis of the changes made by the 22nd Amendment to Pakistan’s constitution, according reforms and gives an outlook on the next steps in the legislative process.


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